#TechnicalTuesday – Exhaust Gas Temperature Sensors
By measuring temperature in the exhaust system and relaying back to the ECU, EGTS enable the vehicle systems to take appropriate action to protect key engine components.
Because they are a high failure part, they are becoming more in demand for repair. In this issue of Technical Focus we will look at what the sensor does, its key components, why and how it fails and give tips on replacement so you are prepared to take advantage of this rapidly expanding repair opportunity:
What is an EGTS?
As by title, and EGTS measures the temperature of the gas in the exhaust system. This
information is then reported back to the ECU where appropriate action can be taken.
Commonly in Petrol engines the sensors protect key components from higher temperatures
common in smaller engines. In Diesel engines EGTS are also used to monitor the temperature
of the DPF to maximize efficiency of regeneration and reduce harmful emissions. It is
common to have three or more sensors fitted to the same exhaust system, one before the
turbocharger and one either side of the DPF.
How Do EGTS Work?
There are two types of EGTS; with Positive Temperature Coefficient (PTC) and Negative
Temperature Coefficient (NTC) sensing elements. The difference between the two is how
they measure temperature. PTC element sensors are the most common, where resistance
increases inline with temperature. NTC elements have a high resistance at low temperature
and low resistance at high temperature. In both cases a temperature is assigned to
resistance in the ECU, allowing it to take action based on the feedback.
Why do EGTS Fail?
Commonly, EGTS failure is caused by exposure to extremely high temperature. In some cases over 900°C. As with many components, particularly sensors, sever vibrations can loosen internal connections and bending/twisting can cause wire failure. Combining these with contamination from fluids such as oil or antifreeze can affect the EGTS’s response efficiency causing it to drift out of tolerance and provide the ECU with inaccurate information
Symptoms of a Faulty EGTS
Check Engine Light
Reduced Fuel Efficiency
Unnecessary DPF Regeneration
Failed Emissions Test
Common EGTS Fault Codes
P0544: EGTS, Bank 1, Sensor 1 Malfunction
P0546: EGTS, Bank 1, Sensor 1 High Input
P2033: EGTS, Bank 1, Sensor 2 Circuit High
P247A: EGTS, Bank 1, Sensor 3 Out of Range
P0549: EGTS, Bank 2, Sensor 1 Circuit High
P2031: EGTS, Bank 1, Sensor 2 Malfunction
Troubleshooting an EGTS
To diagnose a faulty EGTS, consider the following steps:
Read fault codes using a diagnostic tool
Conduct a visual inspection for signs of corrosion or loose connections
Visually inspect wiring for signs of breaks or damage
Inspect EGTS for build-up of contaminants and clean if required
Use a separate IR measurement device to test the sensor and compare to live data obtained when using the diagnostic tool. Ensure the engine is running to build exhaust temperature
With the ignition on, and EGTS sensor disconnected, measure the voltage at the connector, this should be 5v. If not, trace the wire back to the ECU and check supply there.
After locating the faulty sensor, disconnect the connector and unscrew the thread using a socket wrench with care so as not to damage surrounding components
Prepare the replacement sensor(s) with an anti-seize compound to the thread where required – Do not grease the sensor nose
Install the replacement EGTS and torque tighten to the manufacturers specifications
Attach the electrical connector followed by the negative battery terminal
Delete any related fault codes using a diagnostic tool
Turn on the vehicle ignition and confirm that the check engine light is off and the exhaust system functions correctly
Perform a road test to confirm that the vehicle is performing as desired
SMP Europe’s EGTS portfolio is available across all of our primary brands, Intermotor, Lucas, and Lemark. With over 300 part numbers currently available already, we constantly monitor the aftermarket to update our offering to ensure our customers remain up to date and have the parts they need for every repair.
All of our EGTS are developed with the latest in sensor technology, and tested rigorously in house at our state of the art testing facility in Nottingham, England, to ensure they perform to OE tolerances, capable of withstanding the harsh working environment they are situated in for a long service life.
For more information on our range of EGTS please speak to your sales representative, or contact our helpful customer services and technical support department: